There is just one International Airport at Kathmandu: Tribhuvan International Airport. It is becoming increasingly more difficult to get direct flights to Kathmandu; recently NA and Aeroflot canceled flights from Europe and Singapore Airlines will soon drop its flights to Kathmandu. One good piece of news: Malaysian Singapore Airlines is starting operating a flight to Kathmandu. However, Biman, China Southwest, Druk, Indian Airlines, Pakistan International, Qatar, Thai, and Arke Airlines fly into Kathmandu. Visas can be obtained on arrival at the airport. Air services to the interior of Nepal are very popular and it is often necessary to book your ticket well in advance. Foreigners always pay to fix price for all internal flights.
Other than Indian and Nepali citizens, all visitors entering Nepal by land must use the following crossing points:
Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Belhiya, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi and Mahendra Nagar (all Indian/Nepal) and Kodari (Tibet/Nepal). If you are traveling overland with a vehicle, you must have an international drivers license.
Nepal officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia and, as of 2010, the worlds most recent nation to become are public. It is bordered to the north by the People Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers and a population of approximately 23,141,523 according to the 2058 National census, Nepal is the worlds 93rd largest country by landmass and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the nations capital and the country's largest metropolitan city.
Nepal is a country of highly diverse and rich geography, culture, and religions. The mountainous north has eight of the worlds ten highest mountains, including the highest, Sagarmatha, known in English as Mount Everest. The fertile and humid south is heavily Urbanized. It contains over 240 peaks more than (6,096 m) above sea level.
By some measures, Hinduism is practiced by a larger majority of people in Nepal than in any other nation Buddhism, though a minority faith in the country, is linked historically with Nepal as the birthplace of Buddha. About half of the population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.
A Monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithivi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms. In 2006, however, a decade-long People"s Revolution by the All-National Party along with several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties of Nepal culminated in a peace accord, and the ensuing elections for the constituent assembly voted overwhelmingly in favor of the abdication of the last Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah and the establishment of a federal democratic republic in May 28, 2008. The first President of Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav.