Travel in Nepal

Travel in Nepal

Nepal lies between India and China (the Autonomous Region of Tibet). Nepal is the home of the mighty Himalayas and several different species of birds, mammals, and reptiles. The total population of Nepal is recorded to be about 26.62 Million according to a recent survey done by the Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal. Nepal has 101 ethnic groups and 92 languages are spoken.

Nepal is a landlocked country with a total land area of 147,181 sq. km. It lies between 26? 22 N - 30? 27 N latitude and 80? 4E - 88? 12E longitude. Roughly rectangular, the land extends approximately 800-km, east-west and 195 km north to south.

The landmass is divided into three geographical zones. The Himalayan region, the Mid Hill region, and the Terai region. Terai starts from 60m to 305m. Terai is the Granary store of Nepal. This region occupies about 17% of the total mass land of Nepal. Mid Hill regions varied from 305m to 1500m and up to 2900m with Mahabharat range long slope terraced.

The high Himalayan region extends in the north from west to east at an altitude of 4,000 m. to 8,848 m. The world-famous peaks of Mt. Everest (8848 m.), Kanchanjunga (8586m), Makalu (8463m.), Dhaulagiri (8167m.) Annapurna (8091m.) and many others dominate the formidable range of everlasting snows. The alpine region consists of mountain ranges of Mahabharata varying in height from 1525 m. to 4877m. Below these ranges lies the Churia range at 610 m. to 1524 m. Fertile valleys of various widths and altitudes lie between these mountain and hill ranges. The southern belt stretches east to west by a width of 26 to 32 km. and a maximum elevation of about 305 meters.

Several major rivers, tributaries, and streams flow southwards originating from the glaciers, snow-fed lakes, and high Himalayan Mountains of the north. The major rivers are the Mahakali, Seti, Karnali, Gandaki, Koshi, and Mechi.

The climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another following the geographical features of Nepal. In the North, summers are cool and winter while south summers are tropical and winter mild. The Himalayan region is always cold and the mountain is covered by snow all around the year.