According to the 2011 census, Hindu is the major religion of Nepal. Approximately 81.3 percent of the Nepalese people identified themselves as Hindus.
It is also believed, according to Nepalese theology that Lord Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva are the main God and Goddess in Hinduism. Also, the people of Nepal follow Buddhism and Hinduism together due to the existence of religious tolerance. The same person can follow Hinduism and Buddhism at the same time. They celebrate Dashain/Tihar and Buddha Jayanti (Janai Purnima) no matter what their religious category is. At the time of Malla dynasty, both religions were practiced in the country traditionally. After the unification of Nepal by King Prithivi Narayan, Nepal was declared as a Hindu dominant country. Nepal's Buddhism differs than any other country Buddhism in the world.
Buddha was born in a Hindu family about 563 B.C. in Lumbini. According to 2011 census 10.74% of Nepal population practice Buddhism. Buddhism is practice in hill and mountain regions of Nepal. In many cases they have shared deities as well as temples for Pooja. For example, the Muktinath Temple is sacred and a common house of worship for both Hindus and Buddhists.
Islam is a minority religion of Nepal. According to 2011 census only 4.27% of the people practice Islam in Nepal. It is thought that Islam was introduced in Nepal by Indian Muslims. Mainly they are found in the low land area (Terai).
The history of Muslim people in Nepal is with the history of four distinct groups. They are: Tibetans, Kashmiris,The Chaurate and Madhesi (inner Terai people) Only 4.2% people have been practice Muslim in Nepal.
Their past generation arrived in Nepal from the various parts of South Asia and Tibet. While they arrived, Nepal was numerically Hindus dominant. Almost 97% of Muslim has been living in Terai region.
Christain and other religion also practice in Nepal.
Unity in diversity is the National identities of Nepal !!