Culture and Customs of Everest Base Camp Region
Everest base camp trek route has two sections, Solu-the lower part and Khumbu is upper part from Lukla. Mostly Rai and Sherpa people are living in the lower part but the upper part is covered by native Sherpa communities. The Khumbu is more popular in Sagarmatha National park and Base camp trek. The Khumbu region is a major destination for trekking and mountaineering. Every year the number of tourists visiting this region increases. Such a growth of tourism has several socio-economic and cultural consequences. The main base of economic life of Sherpa communities has been changed from agro-pastoralism to tourism based business. Upon arrival in this area welcome you with a big smile and greetings with folded hands. Whatever they serve, they serve with a big smile. Sherpa people believe in Buddhism and almost every house they have small Pooja room for praying. As they are living the Mountain area they always wear “Bakkhu and Docha” meaning warm sweater and socks made by Yak wool.
Scenic view point in Everest Base Camp
Sagarmatha National park area has several scenic view points. Every corner is vibrant and precious for photography. Mountain goats, butterflies, snow leopards, Musk deer flora and fauna may encounter any time of your walking. Mountain yaks are very much common to see as local people are using them as a mode of transportation to carry the loads from place to place. However here are some points that you should not miss to visit.
Lukla: It lies on the lap of mountain hills, The flights are coming and going from Kathmandu. Mini market on Saturday, the Sherpa hill town, Monastery are the major attractions.
Namche Bazaar: Namche Bazaar lies at an altitude of 3,440m. This is a get way to Everest region trek. This is the perfect place to have an acclimatized day before heading up. Monastery and Sherpa Museum, trans Himalayan trade on Saturday, buying all kinds of items that you may forget to pick up from Kathmandu.
Everest View Hotel: This is the finest view point of Everest Base Camp trek. You can see Mt. Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Tengboche Monastery, Khumbu valley, the last village of Dingboche and many more. It is true that this is a small heaven on the planet.
Kala Patthar: The meaning of Kala Patthar is “Black rock” in Nepali. Situated on 5,545m the Pomari is in the background. This is the finest view point for Mt. Everest and its neighbors. This is the closest viewpoint to see Everest. Sunrise and Sunset are mind blowing. Sunset is recommended!
Everest Base Camp: The finest place to inhale the purest air. It is a 3 hours walk from Gorak Shep. Many expedition teams set up their camps here. The biggest Khumbu icefall, glacial moraines, and the prayer flag hang by the expedition team.
Food in Everest Base Camp Trails
As mentioned in above, local people were based on agro-pastoralism but nowadays they are shifting their business into tourism business. From Lukla to EBC is 63 km having more than 300 guest houses and lodges along the way. So there are several tea houses and restaurants along the route serving the best available food. The food is amazing, serving from Nepali traditional meals “Dal-Bhat” to western cuisine like pasta, pizza, burger, mo:mo and many more. Still it is recommended to have some snacks like energy bars and Muesli bars just for Tit Bit!
First aid kits for Everest Base Camp
First aid kits for travel need to be more comprehensive because a drug/Medical store may or may not be available. In addition to personal medical items, the kit should contain items to help improve the common symptoms of viral respiratory infections. However you better consult your home doctor. Here are some for example:
- Nasal congestion
- Sore throat
- It should also contain items to treat:
- Mild pain
- Gastrointestinal problems
- Skin problems
- Diamox/acetazolamide ---for altitude
The weather forecast in Everest region
Nepal is a Himalayan country and the weather is very unpredictable all over the world. Nepal has six seasons in a year are as below:
Basanta Ritu (Spring), Grishma Ritu (Summer), Barsha Ritu (Rainy), Sharad Ritu (Autumn), Hemanta Ritu (Pre-winter), Shishir Ritu (Winter)
However, it is commonly practiced 4 seasons in Nepal as below:
Spring: March to May, Max. temperature 18°C and minimum temperature 4°C Spring season are considered as a moderate of the year to have trekking and mountaineering in Khumbu region.
Autumn: Late September to early December, the visibility is super good and many people enjoy this time for trekking, Max.Temperature 15°C and min. temp 10°C
Winter: Late December to Early March, this is the coldest time of the year, and trekking activities are not common Tem max.-10°C and min. -20°C This time would be the best time to hide from the crowd.
Summer: Jun to Late September, This is a monsoon season in Nepal, and trekking activities are less due to the poor visibility. Max. temp.16°C and min. temp.8°C
Things to pack for Everest Base Camp trip
The Following information will give you some idea of what you need to bring for the trek as the backpack and the gear play vital role in the successful trip and we suggest you to have all the necessary gear for the trip and not to have unnecessary equipment/things that you will not be using for the trip and list of the gear you need for the trek are:
- Four seasons Sleeping bag (Possible to rent in Kathmandu).
- Duffel or Rucksack bag
- Daypack for yourself
- A down Jacket
- Shade hat
- Warm wool hat to cover your ears
- A pair of lightweight warm gloves.
- T-shirts 2- 3 pieces
- Lightweight thermal tops.
- Fleece jacket.
- Fleece Wind-Stopper jacket (optional).
- A pair’s nylon hiking shorts quick drying one
- Two pairs of lightweight long underwear.
- Two pairs trekking pants, preferably that zip on/off at the knees so they double as shorts
- Four pairs of liner warm socks
- A pair light to medium weight waterproof hiking/trekking boots.
- A pair light trekking shoes for camp/lodges
- A pair sandal (Optional)
EBC Trekking route (map)
A 14 days Everest base camp trekking maps are here including your arrival in Kathmandu and departure days. Global Adventure Trekking generates this map for an idea where and how far you are going. Wish you can find the full details here.
Another interesting trek in Khumbu region.
Everest region trek is a never ending adventure trek in Nepal Himalaya. There are some other trek routes that are similar to Everest Base Camp. Please see below.
A 14 days Everest Base Camp trek from Kathmandu is the top most trekking activities. The given day to day itinerary is an outline. Everest base camp trek is fully tea house staying supported by guide and porters trek from Kathmandu. Global Adventure Trekking is happy to offer you the customized trek itinerary, cost and services as per your requirement.